Besakih Temple: The Mother Of All Temples At Bali

Besakih Temple also known as Bali’s Mother Temple is a house of around 86 small shrines which are located on the south-west slopes of Mount Agung. At least seventy celebrations take place here at this wonderful place. This temple is also considered the holiest and the largest temple in Bali. As this temple is located on top of Mount Agung it provides the spectacular countryside view from the top. Exploring this beautiful place will take at least a day. This is the only temple at Bali which is open to everyone no matter which caste you belong to.

Balinese visit this place as a special pilgrimage. Climbing up many staircases will lead to sacred mountainside leading to temples that vary by their functions. This temple was built dedicating it to Hindu gods, it has 3 main temples Pura Penataran Agung has a white banner for Lord Shiva, Pura Kiduling Kreteg has a red banner for Lord Bhrama and Pura Batu Madeg has a black banner representing Lord Vishnu. You can visit all the other small temples as well but the inner part of the temple is reserved only for the pilgrims. So now let’s know more about Besakih Temple.

What’s in it for me?

  1. History of Besakih Temple
  2. Besakih temple features
  3. An Overview Of Besakih Temple
  4. Besakih temple entrance fees
  5. Besakih temple visiting hours
  6. Conclusion
  7. FAQs

1. History Of Besakih Temple:


During the period of the 8th century, a monk from Hindustan had revelations to build houses for the poor and the people under isolation, but during this period many of his followers died due to illness, hunger, and accidents while constructing. Upon completion, this built structure was called Basuki later it became Besakih Temple. 

Other shrines were gradually built and Pura Besakih was made the main temple of this holy complex when Mahajapati Empire conquered Bali during 1343.

Since this place is present on the hilltop it has witnessed many earthquakes and the most severe earthquake was witnessed during the year 1917 and the series of the eruption at Mount Agung in the year 1963 damaged almost the entire holy complex, but the lava flow evaded Pura Besakih locals here believe that it is just the miracle of the god here that the entire temple was not destroyed and the main temple was absolutely fine with no damages. 

If you are a history lover then you can read more about the History of Besakih Temple from the link provided.

2. Besakih Temple Features:


Pura Penataran, which is the largest temple in the complex has the most beautiful representation. It has different areas representing the 7 layers of the universe each having its own shrine.

Pura Pangubegan which is closest to Mount Agung has a great site and can be reached by just a 30-minute walk through the main Pura Penataran Agung. Pura Batu Tirtha is located to the east of Pura Pangubegan. In India how Ganga is considered to be the sacred water like here at Besakih Temple water from Pura Batu Tirtha is considered to be the sacred water that is used for ceremonies at Pura Besakih temple and all the other shrines present in this complex.

Pura Besakih has 3 main temples dedicated to the Hindu trinity. Pura Penataran Agung (in the centre) has white banners for Shiva, the destroyer; Pura Kiduling Kreteg (to the right) features red banners for Brahma, the creator; and Pura Batu Madeg represents Vishnu, the preserver, with its black banners.

Batu Ngadeg houses the shrine of Meru Tumpang Sebelas at Pura Batu Madeg has the central stone. Here locals believe that this is the spot where the Hindu Lord Vishnu is said to be descended. This temple also depicts Vishnu’s power to the whole world. Pura Peninjoan, Pura Gua, Pura Merajan are some of the other must-visit places present in the complex.

You can read more in detail about all these temples present in the complex from the link provided.

3. An Overview Of Besakih Temple:


Besakih temple becomes one of the most crowded tourist spots during the day time it is full of tourists, hawkers, guides, and more. It is important to note that you need to ear a proper top or a Hindu attire while visiting this temple. The best time to visit this temple would be during the early morning as you can see the best scenery, the beauty of nature, and also the temple would be less crowded during this time which will allow us to know better around this temple. However, it would take about a day to see all the temples present in the complex.

You can find many guides here they will be present there with the traditional attire so you can easily identify them. The service offered by them is not free but I don’t think its too expensive also considering such a big complex. Women on their periods are not allowed to enter this temple. If you are visiting the temple during the off-time then taking along locals with you is highly recommended. 

To get to Besakih temple it’s easier to go there from Sanur by taking the Kusmba Bypass to Klungkung. It may just take around 2.5 hours to reach to Besakih Temple from Sanur.

4. Besakih Temple Entrance Fees:

Entrance fees to Besakih temple cost around IDR 60,000 for adults and IDR 30,000 for children The ticket can be purchased at the ticket counter which is located near the parking lot just near the entrance gate of the temple.

And it is disgusting to know that you need to do the payment in cash only so have some cash in hand.

While visiting this temple, please take care that you wear traditional Indian dress or if you are a bit modern then do take care that your knees and heels are not visible. 

5. Besakih Temple Visiting Hours:

Unlike in India this Temple here at Bali is open 24 hours a day but still as a matter of safety of tourists for sightseeing this place is open from 8 am to 5 pm.

The best time to visit this temple would be during the early mornings as the crowd will be less during this time. The main temple of this complex will have its ceremony during the month of April.

Many of the buses to Pura Besakih reach there at 9 am so it would be better if you reach there at the same time so that you reach the temple much before the crowd or along with the crowd.  

6. Conclusion:

So far we have read about the beauty of Besakih temple, things to do, visiting hours, we got to know the specialty of the temple, its history. So by reading till now I hope you will consider visiting such a beautiful historic Hindu temple at Bali. By visiting this temple you can even witness the beauty of Mount Agung where volcano eruption takes place. So if your planning to spend your vacation on an island then you can do check our next blog on Best 5 cheapest Island to find your paradise. If you haven’t read our previous blog on temples outside India then you can check it out from the link provided. Also to get more information there you can hire a guide.

By reading so much I think now you might be interested to buckle up your shoes, pack your bag to go on a vacation to Bali. If so, then you must do check out the best holiday packages to Bali.

7. FAQs:

Que.1) What is Besakih temple visiting hours?

Ans.1) Though the temple is open 24 hours the visitors or the tourist can take the view of the Temple from 8 am to 5 pm.

Que.2) When is the best time to visit Besakih Temple?

Ans.2) It would be good if you visit the temple early in the morning as the temple will be less crowded and also you can enjoy the beauty of mother nature on the hilltop.

Que.3) How old is Besakih Temple?

Ans.3) The temple is almost 1000 years old

Que.4) How to reach the Besakih Temple?

Ans.4) Besakih temple can be reached from Ubud as it is about 43 kilometers from Ubud and you will get the bus as well as taxi services from Ubud to Besakih Temple.

Que.5) How many Hindu Temples are there in Indonesia?

Ans.5) There are about 20,000 Hindu temples in Indonesia, dedicated to Hindu God’s Ganesha, Saraswati, Laxmi, Shiva, Bhrama, Vishnu.

Que.6) Is Indonesia a Hindu country?

Ans.6) Hinduism is considered to be one of the six official religions of Indonesia. Hinduism came to Indonesia during the 1st century when Sailors, priests, and their followers had been to the island.

Que.7) Is Bali a Hindu Country?

Ans.7) Bali is the part of Indonesia but it has Hinduism as its major religion. There are many Hindus present on the east coast of Bali.


2 Responses

Leave a Reply